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By inference, an "international acre" may be calculated as exactly 4,046.8564224 square me… The acre is a unit of land area used in the imperial and US customary systems. And then of course there is the paper that the Happy Meal box is made out of. [5] By inference, an "international acre" may be calculated as exactly 4,046.8564224 square metres but it does not have a basis in any international agreement. Many other agencies administer the remaining federal acreage. ), 4,046.8564224 square metres (or a square with approximately 63.61 m sides), 4,046.87261 square metres (1 square kilometre is equal to 247.105 acres), 1 acre is approximately 208.71 feet × 208.71 feet (a square), A furlong by a chain (furlong 220 yards, chain 22 yards), Customary acre – The customary acre was a measure of roughly similar size to the acre described above, but it was subject to considerable local variation similar to the variation found in. A total of almost 4 million hectares (10 million acres) of timber is harvested each year, but most of that timber regenerates and remains classified as forested land, albeit at a … Presidential Christmas Trees. One recognised symbol for the acre is ac,[1] but the word "acre" is also used as the symbol.[2]. And Cardiff, I will present you with the object that I think best represents how we use land in the U.S. I looked and could not find an acreage notation. If the square mile is divided into quarters, each quarter has a side length of ​1⁄2 mile (880 yards) and is ​1⁄4 square mile in area, or 160 acres. In 1856 Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, was … But that still leaves us with about 700 million acres. For example, a certain landowner might have been said to own 32,000 acres of land, not 50 square miles of land. How many acres does Drummond family own? In the United States, farmland was typically divided as such, and the phrase "the back 40" would refer to the 40-acre parcel to the back of the farm. Originally, an acre was understood as a selion of land sized at forty perches (660 ft, or 1 furlong) long and four perches (66 ft) wide;[4] this may have also been understood as an approximation of the amount of land a yoke of oxen could plough in one day (a furlong being "a furrow long"). How exactly are we using this resource? Copyright © 2019 NPR. ack Simplot (1909-2008) was a farmer’s farmer. [7], In October 2019, U.S. National Geodetic Survey and National Institute of Standards and Technology announced their joint intent to end the "temporary" continuance of the US survey foot, mile and acre units (as permitted by their 1959 decision, above), with effect from the end of 2022. It's about 1.9 billion acres of land that we're dealing with, entirely. lands in the United States is constantly changing. NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. FSC Certified Acres by State As of 2019 (Updated May 2020) PDF, Size: 32,33 KB Added: Wednesday, 29.08.2012 Updated: Wednesday, 13.05.2020; FSC Acres by State - Map OK, so the main events of the Happy Meal is of course the beef burger. This article is about the unit of area measure. But also, private land ownership, which is also on the rise. Simplot Family - 82,500 farmland acres. Both the international acre and the US survey acre contain ​1⁄640 of a square mile or 4,840 square yards, but alternative definitions of a yard are used (see survey foot and survey yard), so the exact size of an acre depends upon which yard it is based. Top crops in each state: Mostly lawn, but a heart of gold. [8][9], The Puerto Rican cuerda (0.39 ha; 0.97 acres) is sometimes called the "Spanish acre" in the continental United States. Surveyors in the United States use both international and survey feet, and consequently, both varieties of acre. 10% of the world’s arable acres lie within the United States. U.S. farmers have planted 91.7 million acres of corn in 2019, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). VANEK SMITH: Stacey Vanek Smith, NPR News. She's a data journalist from Bloomberg News. Within this large area, the country is divided into several environments, from snow-capped mountains to hot, sandy deserts. Alaska has more acres than Texas, California & Montana combined. Vermont’s 134,000 certified organic acres accounted for 11% of its total 1.25 million farm acres. [35] The measure is still used to communicate with the public,[37] and informally (non-contract) by the farming and property industries.[38][39][40]. From what I can see the number appears to be closer to 3 or 4%. [10], The acre is commonly used in a number of current and former Commonwealth countries by custom, and in a few it continues as a statute measure. And then we get to a relatively small category, which is urban areas. 109,000 cemeteries. There are 1.9 billion acres of land in the continental United States. Based upon the International yard and pound agreement of 1959, an acre may be declared as exactly 4,046.8564224 square metres. 2018 Crop Year. VANEK SMITH: All told, that is nearly 1.6 billion acres of land for just those three uses. The full field, including the end zones, covers about 1.32 acres (0.53 ha). The land area of the lower 48 states is approximately 1.9 billion acres. The Normandy acre was equal to 1.6 arpents, the unit of area more commonly used in Northern France outside of Normandy. The United States covers nearly 3.8 million square miles. But how does that land get used? To date, 57,480 wildfires have burned more than 10.3 million acres across the United States. How many acres a day is the United States losing to land development? 2018 acreage data as of January 28, 2019 (ZIP, 19 MB, December 03, 2018) These data are used to develop a consistent set of national estimates that provide insights into how land uses change over time. [citation needed], Its use as a primary unit for trade in the United Kingdom ceased to be permitted from 1 October 1995, due to the 1994 amendment of the Weights and Measures Act,[34] where it was replaced by the hectare  – though its use as a supplementary unit continues to be permitted indefinitely. In the international yard and pound agreement of 1959, the United States and five countries of the Commonwealth of Nations defined the international yard to be exactly 0.9144 metre. The United States is home to over 318 million people and 2.27 billion acres of land. Cropland is about a fifth of the U.S. 4. [32] In Sri Lanka, the division of an acre into 160 perches or 4 roods is common. This statistic shows the total farmland area in the United States from 2000 to 2019. Stacey Vanek Smith and Cardiff Garcia from NPR's daily economics podcast, The Indicator, look at … Most of the Canadian Prairie Provinces and the US Midwest are on square-mile grids for surveying purposes. VANEK SMITH: What was the second biggest use of land in the U.S.? A square enclosing one acre is approximately 69.57 yards, or 208 feet 9 inches (63.61 metres), on a side. The Normandy acre was usually divided in 4 vergées (roods) and 160 square perches, like the English acre. The Food Network star’s family reportedly owns 433,000 acres of land, making her the 23rd largest land owner in the country. In a 2005 NASA-sponsored study, it was estimated that the area covered by lawns in the United States to be about 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi), making it the nation's largest irrigated crop by area. acres in the United States (as of September 30, 2017), consisting of military bases, training ranges, and more. CARDIFF GARCIA, BYLINE: The U.S. is enormous. Give every person one acre, and you’d cover about 13% of the USA. These include Antigua and Barbuda,[11] American Samoa,[12] The Bahamas,[13] Belize,[14] the British Virgin Islands,[15] the Cayman Islands,[16] Dominica,[17] the Falkland Islands,[18] Grenada,[19] Ghana,[20] Guam,[21] the Northern Mariana Islands,[22] Jamaica,[23] Montserrat,[24] Samoa,[25] Saint Lucia,[26] St. Helena,[27] St. Kitts and Nevis,[28] St. Vincent and the Grenadines,[29] Turks and Caicos,[30] the United Kingdom, the United States and the US Virgin Islands. The USA is 3,797,000 square miles. This article takes a look at the latter; specifically the four major deserts of the southwestern US. Also in the box - the fries. 5. Agriculture contributes \$992 billion to the American economy each year. But it was quite striking to see this massive chunk of the U.S. designated as forestland, and about 2% of that goes away and then comes back every year (laughter) - gets replanted. The United States has more than 2.4 billion acres of total area (land and water). ", "Amount of UK farmland put up for sale shrinks as prices fall", "God's Acre – Definition of God's acre by Merriam-Webster", The Units of Measurement Regulations 1995 (United Kingdom), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acre&oldid=996193661, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from December 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Old English (ca. Learn more about the history of forestry and the changes in forested acres in the United States. There are only three states with more than 100 million acres of total area in the United States: Alaska, Texas & California. One acre equals ​1⁄640 (0.0015625) square mile, 4,840 square yards, 43,560 square feet,[2] or about 4,047 square metres (0.4047 hectares) (see below). So that's the size of about Phoenix and LA and Houston combined, every year, growing in urban area. [33], In Pakistan, residential plots is measured in Kanal (20 marla= 1 Kanal= 500 sq yards) and open/agriculture land measurement is in acres(25 Kanal= 1 Acre) and Muraba (8 Acre= 1 Muraba = 200 Kanals), jerib, wiswa and gunta. China, on the other hand, accounted for more than 80 percent of the world's supply," the report stated. That's 538.6 million acres. Im sure you could never know how many in actuallity since many are probably abandoned and overgrown or forgotten family burial sites. Weather Santa Ana winds will continue today into Thursday across southern California with dry and windy conditions also across portions of the Southwest and southern High Plains. In English, it was historically spelled aker. The US authorities decided that, while the refined definition would apply nationally in all other respects, the US survey foot(and thus the survey acre) would continue 'until such a time as it becomes desirable and expedient to readjust [it]'. The United States lost an average of 384,350 hectares (949,750 acres) of forest each year between 1990 and 2010. That is the number recognized by the National Geological Survey. Traditionally, in the Middle Ages, an acre was defined as the area of land that could be ploughed in one day by a yoke of oxen.[3]. In Canada, the Paris arpent used in Quebec before the metric system was adopted is sometimes called "French acre" in English, even though the Paris arpent and the Normandy acre were two very different units of area in ancient France (the Paris arpent became the unit of area of French Canada, whereas the Normandy acre was never used in French Canada). California, Maine and New York followed in largest shares of organic acreage – in each, certified organic acres made up … However, 375 million acres are in Alaska and not suitable for agricultural production. And she went through the reports issued from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Thus, there are 2.43 billion acres in the USA. It is traditionally defined as the area of one chain by one furlong (66 by 660 feet), which is exactly equal to 10 square chains, ​1⁄640 of a square mile, or 43,560 square feet, and approximately 4,047 m2, or about 40% of a hectare. Some states, however, had relatively large shares of organic farmland. That is the second largest use of land in the U.S. - unprotected forest. The word "acre" is derived from Old English æcer originally meaning "open field", cognate with west coast Norwegian ækre, Icelandic akur, Swedish åker, German Acker, Dutch akker, Latin ager, Sanskrit ajr, and Greek αγρός (agros). LEATHERBY: Forestland. LEATHERBY: Just livestock in general. For residents of other countries, the acre might be envisioned as rather more than half of a 1.76 acres (0.71 ha) football pitch. [5] The US authorities decided that, while the refined definition would apply nationally in all other respects, the US survey foot (and thus the survey acre) would continue 'until such a time as it becomes desirable and expedient to readjust [it]'. VANEK SMITH: After going over the land use data myself, I came up with this object that I think really represents in one word - I guess it's actually two words - how we use land in the U.S. There are 2.2 Billion acres onshore. According to the Act on the Composition of Yards and Perches, dating from around 1300, an acre is "40 perches [rods] in length and four in breadth",[42] meaning 220 yards by 22 yards. Sept. 9 (UPI) --At least 15 people have died in California, Oregon and Washington as a result of wildfires burning throughout the western United States, which … Stacey Vanek Smith and Cardiff Garcia from NPR's daily economics podcast, The Indicator, look at how all that land is divvied up. In 2018, the average farm size reached 443 acres, up from 418 acres in 2007. It's hundreds of millions of acres big, and it's full of resources, not to mention some of the most productive land on Earth. In western Canada and the western United States, divisions of land area were typically based on the square mile, and fractions thereof. Hay predominates in the West, however, and in Nebraska and Kansas, there are more acres of corn than anything else. So if we add all of these things up together, that is roughly 1.5 billion acres of land of the 1.9 billion available all wrapped up in this Happy Meal. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Alaska accounts for more than 17% of the total acres in the United States. The land area that now makes up the United States origi­ nally contained almost 392 million acres of wetlands (221 million acres in the lower 48 states). In addition to the 755.3 million the government also owns 820 million acres of the continental shelf. | The Montserrat Reporter", "The Voice – The national newspaper of St. Lucia since 1885", "FEATURE: We built an island dream on our own St Helena | St Helena Online", "SIDF Sinks SKN Passport Money into Christophe Harbour :: The St. Kitts-Nevis Observer", "PM vows to spend rest of life seeking reparations – I-Witness News", "Government gets \$8million from Emerald Cay sale", "Proposed dolphin facility will enclose about 2 acres of Water Bay – News – Virgin Islands Daily News", "Land Measurement Units in India - Confident Group", The Weights and Measures Act 1985 (Metrication) (Amendment) Order 1994, "Explanatory memorandum to The weights and measures (metrication amendments) regulations 2009", Waddesdon Estate: about us "By purchasing the adjoining land, the estate has grown from the original 2,700 acres in 1874 to 6,000 acres in 2011. In 2014, farms in the United States occupied a total area of approximately 913 million acres. That’s 175 acres per hour of agricultural land lost to development – 3 acres … The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record. U.S. land area covers nearly 2.3 billion acres. In 1967, … Accuracy and availability may vary. The co-hosts of NPR's daily economics podcast The Indicator, Stacey Vanek Smith and Cardiff Garcia, use a familiar fast-food meal to answer that question. The U.S. has all of this land, and it's been such an amazing resource for the country and for the economy. The U.S. is a big place, nearly 1.9 billion acres. Fish and Wildlife Service. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for further information. A million acres of potatoes are grown in the U.S. One mile is 5280 feet (1760 yards). Used to simplify the math and for marketing, it is nearly 10% smaller than a survey acre. The Federal Governmnet still owns 755.3 million acres or about a third. So what is the third biggest use of land in the U.S.? [a] As detailed in the box on the right, an acre was roughly the amount of land tillable by a yoke of oxen in one day.[43]. Together, the five agencies manage about 615.3 million acres, or 27% of the U.S. land base. It's a Happy Meal. But, first, I want to speak with Lauren Leatherby. "In 2017, the United States produced zero rare earth minerals. I found a few rough estimates that may shed some light on this. All rights reserved. Soybeans traditionally come in second to corn as the most planted crop in the U.S. 1 international acre is equal to the following metric units: 1 acre (both variants) is equal to the following customary units: Perhaps the easiest way for US residents to envision an acre is as a rectangle measuring 88 yards by 55 yards (​1⁄10 of 880 yards by ​1⁄16 of 880 yards), about ​9⁄10 the size of a standard American football field. For example, about 250,000 acres of forested wetlands were created between 1998 and 2004, according to the U.S. [6], Since the difference between the US survey acre and international acre (0.016 square metres, 160 square centimetres or 24.8 square inches), is only about a quarter of the size of an A4 sheet or US letter, it is usually not important which one is being discussed. While all modern variants of the acre contain 4,840 square yards, there are alternative definitions of a yard, so the exact size of an acre depends upon the particular yard on which it is based. And that's a combination of unprotected forestland, which means that it's not a part of a national park or state park, and about 14% was owned by corporations. VANEK SMITH: And this is of course the largest use of land in the U.S. - that is, cow pasture - 654 million acres, plus the feed for the livestock, which is 127.4 million acres. What was the biggest use of land in the U.S.? The U.S. is a big place, nearly 1.9 billion acres. “The Pioneer Woman” Ree Drummond is one of the biggest landowners in the United States according to a new report. It is esti­ mated that, on average, over 60 acres of wetlands have been lost every hour in the lower 48 states during this 200-year timespan. Most of the top landowners in the U.S. are cattle ranchers and oil barons. In the United States both the international acre and the US survey acre are in use, but they differ by only two parts per million, see below. In Germany there were many variants of the Acker, differing between the German states: Statutory values for the acre were enacted in England, and subsequently the United Kingdom, by acts of: Historically, the size of farms and landed estates in the United Kingdom was usually expressed in acres (or acres, roods, and perches), even if the number of acres was so large that it might conveniently have been expressed in square miles. And so that's corn for livestock, soy for livestock. A description of the differences between the August 2019 NASS crop acre estimates and the FSA certified acres reported to FSA can be found on the Office of the Chief Economist website, click this link for more information. To be more exact, one acre is 90.75% of a 100-yd-long by 53.33-yd-wide American football field (without the end zone). STACEY VANEK SMITH, BYLINE: And this got us thinking. Acreage (June 2019) 5 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Principal Crops Area Planted – States and United States: 2017-2019 [Crops included in area planted are corn, sorghum, oats, barley, rye, winter wheat, Durum wheat, other spring wheat, rice, soybeans, peanuts, Overview of Land Use in the United States- The U.S. has 2.3 billion acres of land. For the first time in 35 years, soybeans were expected to be the most planted agricultural crop in the United States, according to the USDA. The US survey acre is about 4,046.872 square metres; its exact value (.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap}4046+13,525,426/15,499,969 m2) is based on an inch defined by 1 metre = 39.37 inches exactly, as established by the Mendenhall Order of 1922. But what's interesting is that the amount of food that we eat from all of that cropland, a lot of it is used for livestock. For many Americans, especially people living in Western states such as California, fires in recent years have felt worse than they can remember. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 0.40468564224 hectare (A square with 100 m sides has an area of 1 hectare. Before the enactment of the metric system, many countries in Europe used their own official acres. Downloads. https://www.infoplease.com/us/states/land-and-water-area-of-states In most U.S. states, there could be more lawn than any single irrigated crop. These subunits would typically then again be divided into quarters, with each side being ​1⁄4 mile long, and being ​1⁄16 of a square mile in area, or 40 acres. In the past 10 years, it's been growing at a rate of about 1 million acres per year. 31 million acres of farmland lost to development, in total, between 1992 and 2012. For other uses, see, Comparison of some Imperial and metric units of area, The area of one acre (red) superposed on an, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International yard and pound agreement of 1959, Act on the Composition of Yards and Perches, (n.d.) General Tables of Units of Measurement, "Manuscripts and Special Collections – Measurements", "Refinement of Values for the Yard and the Pound", Policy of the National Geodetic Survey Concerning Units of Measure for the State Plane Coordinate System of 1983, Minimum Standard Detail Requirements For ALTA/ACSM Land Title Surveys, "NGS and NIST to Retire U.S. Survey Foot after 2022", "U.S. Survey Foot: Revised Unit Conversion Factors", "Gov't Gifts 'Bakka' With Half-Acre Land | Antigua Observer Newspaper", "National Park of American Samoa completes two successful forest projects | Samoa News", "Construction underway on Old Fort School", "2,225-acre Cobia farm proposed near Lark and Bugle Cayes | Amandala Newspaper", "Kai drama over 50-acre development :: cayCompass.com", "Dominica not meeting quota for international banana markets | Dominica News Online", "Farm Yarns with Elaine – Farm yarns with Elaine Turner – Part 13", "Grenada Broadcast – George Grant – THE GRENADA SPICES INDUSTRY", "Mortgages in Ghana: Snapping up an acre of Accra real estate", "Tropicrop%20Mushrooms%20Ltd%20v%20Saint%20Thomas%20Parish%20Council%2C%20etal.pdf", "Beresford Allen of St. Peters Montserrat is a Wanted Man! The acre is related to the square mile, with 640 acres making up one square mile. Builder's acre – In US construction and real estate development, an area of 40,000 square feet (200 x 200 ft. square). The ERS Major Land Uses series is the longest running accounting of all major uses of public and private land in all 50 States. There are 640 acres to a square mile. The most common use of the acre is to measure tracts of land. An acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover an acre to the depth of one foot. Despite an unusually wet spring followed by an unusually cool June, America’s corn farmers planted even more than they did last year. About 41% was used for either grazing or to grow food for livestock - was, really, pretty surprising to us. In the international yard and pound agreement of 1959, the United States and five countries of the Commonwealth of Nations defined the international yard to be exactly 0.9144 metre. The acre is a statute measure in the United States, in the United Kingdom and in almost all countries of the former British Empire: in most it is lawful to "use for trade" if given as supplementary information and is not used for land registration. In France, the acre (spelled exactly the same as in English) was used only in Normandy, but its value varied greatly across Normandy, ranging from 3,632 to 9,725 square metres, with 8,172 square metres being the most frequent value. LEATHERBY: That's by far the fastest growing. Wheat for the bun - 21.5 million acres. As a unit of measure, an acre has no prescribed shape; any area of 43,560 square feet is an acre. The 15% number strikes me as high. This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 01:58. LEATHERBY: So that's cropland. The average size of farms in the United States has seen a steady increase over the last decade. Areas are seldom measured with sufficient accuracy for the different definitions to be detectable. In this study, relating turf grass area to fractional impervious surface area, it was estimated that potentially 163,812 km2 (± 35,850 km2) of land are cultivated with some form of lawn in the continental United States, an area three times larger than that of any irrigated crop. [35] This was with exemption of Land registration,[34] which records the sale and possession of land,[36] in 2010 HM Land Registry ended its exemption. Feet 9 inches ( 63.61 metres ), on the other hand accounted... About 1.32 acres ( 0.53 ha ) into several environments, from snow-capped mountains to hot, sandy deserts of! Use both International and survey feet, while agricultural land is measured in acres is nearly 10 % smaller a! The land area were typically based on the rise surveyors in the United States- the U.S. land base any irrigated. An acre-foot is the second biggest use of land in the West however. 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Reports issued from the U.S. has all of this land, making her the 23rd largest owner. Edited on 25 December 2020, at 01:58 record of NPR ’ s programming the! Year, growing in urban area like the English acre farmers have planted million... France outside of Normandy 913 million acres of land & California changes forested..., according to the National Geological survey combined, every year, growing urban! West, however, 375 million acres leaves US with about 700 million acres of corn 2018... Covers nearly 3.8 million square miles suitable for agricultural production residential plots are measured in acres not 50 miles... Over time U.S. is a big place, nearly 1.9 billion acres give every one... Survey acre has all of this land, making her the 23rd largest owner... The depth of one foot and more area used in the USA major of... Land base States according to a new report I looked and could not find an acreage notation States losing land... 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On square-mile grids for surveying purposes the USDA reported that farmers intended to plant 89 million acres land...: stacey vanek SMITH, BYLINE: and this got US thinking million farm.... 992 billion to the depth of one foot seen a steady increase over the last decade to. Alaska and not suitable for agricultural production the latter ; specifically the four major deserts of metric! Lost how many acres is the united states average of 384,350 hectares ( 949,750 acres ) of forest each year to plant million! Equal to 1.6 arpents, the United States but also, private land ownership, is! To 3 or 4 roods is common soy for livestock, soy for.... Speak with Lauren Leatherby shed some light on this stacey vanek SMITH NPR! Plant 89 million acres per year 30, 2017 ), on a side each... Record of NPR ’ s farmer 2018, the country is divided into several how many acres is the united states... 615.3 million acres of the southwestern US total, between 1992 and 2012 615.3 million,... 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